INGV Catania: the volcano monitoring institute in Sicily
INGV

The INGV (National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology) in Catania is a fundamental point of reference for the study and monitoring of volcanic phenomena in Italy.

Located in one of the most active volcanic areas in the world, INGV Catania plays a crucial role in the surveillance and scientific research of Sicilian volcanoes, particularly Etna and Stromboli.

The Mission of INGV Catania

INGV Catania is dedicated to scientific research and the monitoring of active volcanoes, with the aim of understanding the mechanisms of volcanic eruptions and mitigating associated risks. The mission of the institute includes:

  • Continuous Monitoring: Using a network of advanced sensors, the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology of Catania constantly monitors the volcanoes to detect any signs of seismic or volcanic activity.
  • Scientific Research: INGV scientists conduct in-depth studies on volcanic processes, contributing to improved eruption forecasts.
  • Outreach and Education: INGV Catania promotes public awareness of volcanic risks through educational programs and scientific outreach activities.

Instrumentation and Technologies used

INGV Catania employs a wide range of technological instruments for volcanic monitoring, including:

  • Seismographs: To record ground movements caused by seismic activity.
  • High-Resolution Cameras: To visually observe craters and eruptions in real time.
  • Gas Detectors: To measure volcanic gas emissions, which can indicate changes in magmatic activity.
  • GPS Networks: To monitor ground deformation, an indicator of potential imminent eruptions.

The Importance of INGV for Etna and Stromboli

Etna

Etna is one of the most active and studied volcanoes in the world. Its frequent eruptions provide a natural laboratory for volcanological research. INGV Catania constantly monitors Etna, analyzing data to predict eruptions and reduce risks for the local population.

Stromboli

Known for its continuous explosive activity, Stromboli is another crucial volcano for INGV Catania’s studies. Ongoing observations help to better understand the behavior of this volcano and develop more accurate prediction models.

International collaborations and projects

The Institute of Catania collaborates with research institutes and universities worldwide, participating in numerous international projects. These collaborations are essential for exchanging knowledge and technologies, enhancing the ability to predict and mitigate volcanic risks on a global scale.

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INGV Catania represents a pillar in volcanological research and the protection of the population from volcanic threats. Thanks to the dedication of its scientists and advanced monitoring technologies, the institute continues to play a crucial role in the study and management of volcanoes, ensuring greater safety for local communities and significantly contributing to global scientific knowledge.