The fauna of Mount Etna in summer

Types of fauna on the active volcano

An exciting journey through the fauna of Mount Etna during the warm summer months!

Mount Etna, the majestic active volcano of Sicily, is not only a geological icon but also a refuge for a variety of fascinating wildlife. Let’s explore together which creatures you will encounter while exploring this unique environment.

Birds of Mount Etna

Our first travel companions are the elegant birds of prey that soar through the skies of this majestic volcano. Known as “birds of prey on Mount Etna” and “Sicilian migratory birds,” these aviators dominate the skies and enrich our summer excursions with their imposing and fascinating presence.

Among the species of birds of prey we will encounter during our journey, the golden eagle and the peregrine falcon deserve special mention. The golden eagle, with its majestic wingspan and regal flight, gracefully soars above the peaks of Mount Etna, surveying the territory with a sharp and penetrating gaze. The peregrine falcon, on the other hand, embodies speed and agility, with its sleek wings allowing it to dart through the air with impressive precision, capturing the attention of anyone who observes it.

These close encounters with magnificent winged creatures not only enrich our journey with natural spectacles of extraordinary beauty but also offer a unique opportunity to connect with the delicate ecosystem and biological richness of Mount Etna.

Insects and invertebrates

We consider immersing ourselves in the ecosystem of Mount Etna’s insects and invertebrates as a unique opportunity to explore the “biodiversity of Mount Etna” and the intricate web of life that characterizes this volcanic environment.

As we venture along the trails, we find ourselves surrounded by an abundance of butterflies. Among the species present, the Small Tortoiseshell (Aglais urticae) and the elegant Apollo butterfly (Parnassius apollo) represent significant examples of the chromatic and morphological diversity of this microcosm.

At the same time, careful observation of the volcanic soil reveals intense and often overlooked life. Invertebrates such as beetles and ants play crucial roles in the decomposition process and in maintaining ecological balance. Among them, the cave cricket (Dolichopoda geniculata) emerges as a specimen adapted to underground life, endowed with peculiar anatomical characteristics that allow it to thrive in rocky and dark environments.

These examples illustrate the wide range of adaptations and specializations present in the insects and invertebrates of Mount Etna, highlighting the importance of appreciating and conserving this biological richness in a broader context of scientific study and environmental conservation.

Reptiles and amphibians

On a hot summer afternoon, during a hike along a trail winding through the rugged rock formations of Mount Etna, it is possible to spot a sinuous creature among the rocks, revealed to be the Sicilian grass snake (Hierophis viridiflavus). A remarkable reptile for its adaptability to the volcanic environment of Mount Etna.

Characterized by its olive green color and distinctive yellow collar around the neck, this species is an emblematic example of the fauna that has evolved to survive in such a unique and harsh environment.

Later, we find ourselves along the banks of a small stream gently descending along the mountain slope.

Here, we find frogs, and through careful observation, we identify the presence of an Italian stream frog (Rana italica), a species adapted to life in mountain environments and effectively camouflaging among the surrounding vegetation.

This encounter offers us a privileged opportunity to understand the delicacy and interconnection between the fauna and the volcanic environment of Mount Etna.

These tangible examples illustrate the complexity and relevance of Mount Etna’s biodiversity, highlighting the importance of preserving and understanding this ecological richness in a context of environmental conservation and scientific research.

Sicilian mammals

Exploring the world of mammals that inhabit Mount Etna, we will focus on the “Sicilian fox” and the “wild cat on Mount Etna.”

Although less common than other animals in the area, these carnivores add an aura of mystery to the volcanic landscape.

Among the winding paths of the mountain, it is possible to glimpse an elegant reddish figure moving agilely among the bushes: it is the Sicilian fox (Vulpes vulpes sicula).

This mammal, an endemic subspecies of the island, has adapted to the harsh conditions of Mount Etna and represents a testament to the unique biodiversity of this region.

Continuing the journey, you may be lucky enough to spot the wild cat on Mount Etna (Felis silvestris etruscus), a skilled nocturnal predator in the art of camouflage and silent hunting. With its grayish coat and climbing abilities, the wild cat embodies the wild and elusive essence of this volcanic environment.

These mammals, though rare, contribute to painting a more complete picture of the wildlife of Mount Etna, adding a note of mystery and charm to the already suggestive and imposing landscape of the volcano.

Tips for observing Etna’s fauna

Finally, practical tips for those intending to explore and observe the fauna of Mount Etna up close.

By sharing valuable information, we will help visitors maximize their opportunities for encounters with local wildlife while ensuring respect and protection for wild animals.

First and foremost, it will be essential to consider the best time of day for sighting the desired species. Some animals, such as foxes and wild cats, are more active at dawn and dusk, so planning excursions during these hours may increase the chances of observing them.

Furthermore, we will encourage visitors to adopt responsible and respectful behaviors during encounters with wildlife. This includes maintaining a safe distance from wild animals, avoiding disturbing them or getting too close, and respecting the rules established for the protection of the environment and local fauna.

With these practical tips, we hope to prepare visitors for an experience of wildlife observation on Mount Etna that is not only exciting and memorable but also ethically responsible and respectful towards the wild inhabitants of this extraordinary environment.


In summer, Mount Etna reveals its rich diversity of wildlife, offering explorers a unique opportunity to connect with nature. We hope this article has inspired you to explore and respect the extraordinary fauna of this active volcano. Happy adventuring!